5 Things You Should Know about Dementia

September marks World Alzheimer’s Month, a time to raise awareness and challenge the stigma surrounding Alzheimer’s and related forms of dementia. In the UK alone, around 850,000 people are living with dementia, a figure that’s expected to rise as the population ages. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, accounting for nearly two-thirds of all cases. It is a progressive neurological condition that affects memory, cognitive function, and the ability to perform everyday activities.

At Home Instead, we understand the importance of Alzheimer’s disease, as many of our clients in Tyne Valley are living with this condition. Our Care Professionals are comprehensively trained in dementia care, even undergoing City & Guilds accredited training to ensure they are equipped to provide the best possible care.

In honour of World Alzheimer’s Month, we’d like to shed light on some lesser-known yet critical facts about dementia that can enhance our understanding and contribute to more effective and compassionate care.

1. Rising Prevalence: The Numbers Speak Volumes

One of the most startling statistics about Alzheimer’s in the UK is its rising prevalence. By 2025, it’s estimated that over a million people in the UK will be living with some form of dementia, and the numbers are set to nearly double by 2051. This sharp increase makes the disease not just a medical issue, but also a social and economic one, putting immense pressure on families and healthcare services.

2. Gender Disparity: Women at Higher Risk

Another point worth noting is the gender disparity in Alzheimer’s cases. In the UK, approximately two-thirds of those diagnosed with Alzheimer’s are women. The reasons for this are still being studied, but it further underscores the need for gender-sensitive approaches in diagnosis and care.

3. Early Onset: Not Just an Old-Age Condition

Contrary to popular belief, Alzheimer’s isn’t just a disease that affects the elderly. Approximately 42,000 people in the UK under the age of 65 have early-onset dementia, challenging the misconception that Alzheimer’s is solely an old-age condition.

4. The Power of Communication: Effective Ways to Interact

For loved ones and carers, knowing how to communicate effectively with someone who has Alzheimer’s can be invaluable. Using simple, clear sentences, maintaining eye contact, and offering reassurance can go a long way. Studies suggest that even as the disease progresses, emotional memory may remain, making positive interactions even more significant.

5. Stages and Progression: Understanding the Journey

Alzheimer’s typically progresses through three general stages: mild, moderate, and severe. Understanding these stages can help families and carers prepare for what’s ahead and make informed decisions about care. For instance, in the mild stage, simple forgetfulness might be evident, but as the disease progresses to the severe stage, full-time care becomes necessary


1: What’s the Difference Between Alzheimer’s and Dementia?

One common question is the distinction between Alzheimer’s and dementia. It’s important to understand that dementia is an umbrella term for a range of symptoms related to cognitive impairment, such as memory loss and difficulty with thinking and problem-solving. Alzheimer’s disease is a specific type of dementia and is the most common form, accounting for 50-75% of all cases.

2: Are There Any Treatments to Cure Alzheimer’s?

As of now, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s or most other forms of dementia. However, there are medications that can temporarily alleviate some symptoms, such as confusion and memory loss, but they do not halt the progression of the disease. Non-pharmacological approaches, like lifestyle changes and mental exercises, can also help in managing symptoms.

3: Can Lifestyle Choices Affect the Risk of Developing Alzheimer’s?

Research suggests that certain lifestyle choices can influence the risk of developing Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. A balanced diet, regular exercise, and mental stimulation have been shown to potentially reduce risk. However, it’s important to note that these are not guaranteed prevention methods, but they do contribute to overall brain health.

4: How Can I Support a Loved One Diagnosed with Dementia?

Supporting a loved one with dementia involves both emotional and practical care. Encourage open communication, maintain a safe environment, and establish a routine to help them navigate daily life. Professional support, like the City and Guilds dementia training that our Care professionals undergo, can offer specialist advice on managing the complex challenges that dementia presents.

5: Where Can I Learn More About Accessing Dementia Care in Tyne Valley?

If you’re in the Tyne Valley area and looking for specialised dementia care, Home Instead is here to help. We provide expert dementia care for older adults living with this condition. For more comprehensive information about our services and approach, you can read our blog. Alternatively, you can contact us directly at 01434693700 to discuss how we can support you or your loved one in navigating the challenges of dementia.

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